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RTMP协议实现视频直播流实战

2020-04-24 15:47:02  阅读:422  来源: 互联网

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相关的核心代码我上传会上传到github,以下文字可以理清实现思路,

git地址:https://github.com/blackMilk123/workspace/tree/master/rtmp

准备工作

  • 一个开通了RTMP协议的流地址,萤石云之类的监控提供商都有的,格式为rtmp://rtmp01open.ys7.com/openlive/xxxxxxxxx.hd
  • 向萤石云申请开发者资质之后会得到一个appKey,appSecret,accessToken,既然能搜到这篇文章相信你肯定不会缺少这些东西。

数据库结构

以下第一个表结构基本上是固定的,存放你开通的那个萤石云帐号的key 密钥 等等的信息,第二个表是根据你具体的业务来设计的,跟你的设备关联,一般你有一个监控设备就会有对应的信息,红框圈起来是一些比较重要的参数,这些都可以在萤石云中文档中看到

表一:video_appinfo 基本上都是一些固定参数,结构基本上可以不动

表二:video_deviceinfo表,圈起来的是一些比较重要的参数,都是由相应的视频监控设备提供的

实体类等

根据以上两张表的设计创建相应的实体类,因为字段太多,并且表二根据实际业务的不同,加上实体类代码放上来也没有什么意义,所以这里就不再贴代码了,可以自行创建,以及service层,dao层的基础映射文件也是一样的,简单的可以自己创建一下

创建SDK客户端

SDK客户端主要是用于模拟各种Http请求,带着申请的密钥,去向萤石云的授权服务器获取视频信息等等,

public class SdkClient {

	/** 获取accessToken */
	private static final String API_TOKEN_GET_URL = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/token/get";
	
	/** 添加设备 */
	private static final String API_DEVICE_ADD_URL = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/device/add";
	
	/** 查询账号下流量消耗汇总 */
	private static final String API_TRAFFIC_TOTAL = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/traffic/user/total";
	
	/** 获取设备列表 */
	private static final String API_DEVICE_LIST = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/device/list";
	
	/** 获取摄像头列表 */
	private static final String API_CAMERA_LIST = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/camera/list";
	
	/** 添加设备 */
	private static final String API_DEVICE_ADD = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/device/add";
	
	/** 获取单个设备信息 */
	private static final String API_DEVICE_INFO = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/device/info";
	
	/** 开始云台控制 */
	private static final String API_DEVICE_PTZ_START = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/device/ptz/start";
	
	/** 停止云台控制 */
	private static final String API_DEVICE_PTZ_STOP = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/device/ptz/stop";
	
	/** 关闭设备视频加密 */
	private static final String API_DEVICE_ENCRYPT_OFF = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/device/encrypt/off";
	
	/** 开启设备视频加密 */
	private static final String API_DEVICE_ENCRYPT_ON = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/device/encrypt/on";
	
	/** 开通直播功能 */
	private static final String API_LIVE_VIDEO_OPEN = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/live/video/open";
	
	/** 关闭直播功能 */
	private static final String API_LIVE_VIDEO_CLOSE = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/live/video/close";
	
	/** 获取指定有效期的直播地址 */
	private static final String API_LIVE_ADDRESS_LIMITED = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/live/address/limited";
	
	/** 获取直播地址*/
	private static final String API_LIVE_ADDRESS_GET = "https://open.ys7.com/api/lapp/live/address/get";
	
	/**
	 * app 标识
	 */
	private String appKey;
	
	public String getAppKey() {
		return appKey;
	}
	
	public void setAppKey(String appKey) {
		this.appKey = appKey;
	}
	
	/**
	 * app 密钥
	 */
	private String appSecret;
	
	public String getAppSecret() {
		return appSecret;
	}
	
	public void setAppSecret(String appSecret) {
		this.appSecret = appSecret;
	}
	
	/**
	 * token 凭据
	 */
	private String accessToken;
	
	public String getAccessToken() {
		return accessToken;
	}
	
	public void setAccessToken(String accessToken) {
		this.accessToken = accessToken;
	}
	
	/**
	 * token 有效时间
	 */
	private Date tokenExpire;
	
	public Date getTokenExpire() {
		return tokenExpire;
	}
	
	public void setTokenExpire(Date tokenExpire) {
		this.tokenExpire = tokenExpire;
	}
	
	public SdkToken getToken() {
		return getToken(false);
	}
	
	/**
	 * 获取 accessToken
	 * @param force 是否强制获取
	 * @return
	 */
	public SdkToken getToken(boolean force) {
		if(!force && this.getAccessToken() != null) {
			//准备缓存 accessToken
			SdkToken existsSdkToken = new SdkToken("200", "使用 accessToken 缓存", this.getAccessToken(), this.getTokenExpire() != null ? String.valueOf(this.getTokenExpire().getTime() ): "0");
			//判断 token是否过期
			if(this.getTokenExpire() != null && this.getTokenExpire().getTime() < new Date().getTime()) {
				return existsSdkToken;
			}
			//调用接口,验证 accessToken有效性
			SdkReturn<SdkMap> sdkReturn = this.trafficTotal();
			if(sdkReturn.isSuccess()) {
				return existsSdkToken;
			}
		}
		Map<String, Object> paramMap = new HashMap<>();
		paramMap.put("appKey", this.appKey);
		paramMap.put("appSecret", this.appSecret);
		SdkToken sdkToken = getMap(API_TOKEN_GET_URL, paramMap, SdkToken.class);
		if(sdkToken.isSuccess()) {
			this.setAccessToken(sdkToken.getAccessToken());
			this.setTokenExpire(new Date(sdkToken.getExpireTime()));
		}
		return sdkToken;
	}
	

   
	
	/**
	 * 添加设备
	 * @param deviceSerial 序列号
	 * @param validateCode 验证码
	 * @return
	 */
	public SdkReturnMap deviceAdd(String deviceSerial, String validateCode) {
		Map<String, Object> paramMap = new HashMap<>();
		paramMap.put("accessToken", this.getAccessToken());
		paramMap.put("deviceSerial", deviceSerial);
		paramMap.put("validateCode", validateCode);
		SdkReturnMap returnMap = getMap(API_DEVICE_ADD, paramMap);
		//添加容错
		if(!returnMap.isSuccess()) {
			if(returnMap.getCode().equals("20017")) {
				returnMap.setCode("200");
			}else if(returnMap.getCode().equals("20002")) {
				returnMap.setMsg(returnMap.getMsg() + ",设备未注册至萤石云");
			}
		}
		return returnMap;
	}
	
	
	
	/**
	 * 获取单个设备信息
	 * @param deviceSerial
	 * @return
	 */
	public SdkReturnMap deviceInfo(String deviceSerial) {
		Map<String, Object> paramMap = new HashMap<>();
		paramMap.put("accessToken", this.getAccessToken());
		paramMap.put("deviceSerial", deviceSerial);
		return getMap(API_DEVICE_INFO, paramMap);
	}
	
	
	
	/**
	 * 开启设备视频加密
	 * @param deviceSerial 设备序列号
	 * @return
	 */
	public SdkReturnMap deviceEncryptOn(String deviceSerial) {
		Map<String, Object> paramMap = new HashMap<>();
		paramMap.put("accessToken", this.getAccessToken());
		paramMap.put("deviceSerial", deviceSerial);
		return getMap(API_DEVICE_ENCRYPT_ON, paramMap);
	}
	
	/**
	 * 开通直播功能
	 * @param channelNo 通道号
	 * @param deviceSerials 设备序列号集合
	 * @return
	 */
	public SdkReturnMapList liveVideoOpen(int channelNo, String... deviceSerials) {
		if(deviceSerials == null || deviceSerials.length == 0) {
			return new SdkReturnMapList();
		}
		String source = "";
		for(int i = 0; i < deviceSerials.length; i++) {
			if(i > 0) {
				source += ",";
			}
			source += (deviceSerials[i] + ":" + channelNo);
		}
		Map<String, Object> paramMap = new HashMap<>();
		paramMap.put("accessToken", this.getAccessToken());
		paramMap.put("source", source);
		return getMapList(API_LIVE_VIDEO_OPEN, paramMap);
	}
	

	
	/**
	 * 获取直播地址
	 * @param channelNo 通道号 默认 1
	 * @param deviceSerials 设备序列号集合
	 * @return
	 */
	public SdkReturnMapList liveVideoGetAddress(int channelNo, String... deviceSerials) {
		if(deviceSerials == null || deviceSerials.length == 0) {
			return new SdkReturnMapList();
		}
		String source = "";
		for(int i = 0; i < deviceSerials.length; i++) {
			if(i > 0) {
				source += ",";
			}
			source += (deviceSerials[i] + ":" + channelNo);
		}
		Map<String, Object> paramMap = new HashMap<>();
		paramMap.put("accessToken", this.getAccessToken());
		paramMap.put("source", source);
		return getMapList(API_LIVE_ADDRESS_GET, paramMap);
	}
	
	/**
	 * 获取指定有效期的直播地址
	 * @param deviceSerial 设备序列号
	 * @param channelNo 通道号
	 * @param expireTime 地址过期时间:单位秒数,最大默认62208000(即720天),最小默认300(即5分钟)。
	 * @return
	 */
	public SdkReturnMap liveVideoLimitedAddress(String deviceSerial, int channelNo, Integer expireTime) {
		Map<String, Object> paramMap = new HashMap<>();
		paramMap.put("accessToken", this.getAccessToken());
		paramMap.put("deviceSerial", deviceSerial);
		paramMap.put("channelNo", channelNo);
		if(expireTime != null) {
			paramMap.put("expireTime", expireTime);
		}
		return getMap(API_LIVE_ADDRESS_LIMITED, paramMap);
	}
	
	/**
	 * 开始云台控制
	 * @param deviceSerial deviceSerial 设备序列号
	 * @param channelNo channelNo 通道号
	 * @param direction direction 操作命令:0-上,1-下,2-左,3-右,4-左上,5-左下,6-右上,7-右下,8-放大,9-缩小,10-近焦距,11-远焦距
	 * @return
	 */
	public SdkReturnMap startDevicePtz(String deviceSerial, int channelNo, int direction) {
		return this.startDevicePtz(deviceSerial, channelNo, direction, 0);
	}
	/**
	 * 开始云台控制
	 * @param deviceSerial 设备序列号
	 * @param channelNo 通道号
	 * @param direction 操作命令:0-上,1-下,2-左,3-右,4-左上,5-左下,6-右上,7-右下,8-放大,9-缩小,10-近焦距,11-远焦距
	 * @param speed 云台速度:0-慢,1-适中,2-快
	 * @return
	 */
	public SdkReturnMap startDevicePtz(String deviceSerial, int channelNo, int direction, int speed) {
		Map<String, Object> paramMap = new HashMap<>();
		paramMap.put("accessToken", this.getAccessToken());
		paramMap.put("deviceSerial", deviceSerial);
		paramMap.put("channelNo", channelNo);
		paramMap.put("direction", String.valueOf(direction));
		paramMap.put("speed", String.valueOf(speed));
		SdkReturnMap sdkReturn = getMap(API_DEVICE_PTZ_START, paramMap);
		return sdkReturn;
	}
	
	/**
	 * 停止云台控制
	 * @param deviceSerial 设备序列号
	 * @param channelNo 通道号
	 * @param direction 操作命令:0-上,1-下,2-左,3-右,4-左上,5-左下,6-右上,7-右下,8-放大,9-缩小,10-近焦距,11-远焦距
	 * @return
	 */
	public SdkReturnMap stopDevicePtz(String deviceSerial, int channelNo, int direction) {
		Map<String, Object> paramMap = new HashMap<>();
		paramMap.put("accessToken", this.getAccessToken());
		paramMap.put("deviceSerial", deviceSerial);
		paramMap.put("channelNo", channelNo);
		paramMap.put("direction", String.valueOf(direction));
		SdkReturnMap sdkReturn = getMap(API_DEVICE_PTZ_STOP, paramMap);
		return sdkReturn;
	}
	
	/*
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		SdkClient sdkClient = new SdkClient();
		sdkClient.setAppKey("e82e92e47b1542d1a7ba2003199f5cf2");
		sdkClient.setAppSecret("58ddf728e5e58c321bb18c3e7c8d0aa8");
		sdkClient.setAccessToken("at.3h35yneydi4i9tz75alqgoe90jq8c9yx-6t55llnnkg-17ys1z5-6lttvhphk-");
		sdkClient.getToken();
	}
	*/
	
	/**
	 * 获取 map
	 * @param url
	 * @param paramMap
	 * @return
	 */
	private SdkReturnMap getMap(String url, Map<String, Object> paramMap) {
		return getMap(url, paramMap, SdkReturnMap.class);
	}
	
	/**
	 * 获取 map
	 * @param url
	 * @param paramMap
	 * @param classz
	 * @return
	 */
	private <T extends SdkReturn<SdkMap>> T getMap(String url, Map<String, Object> paramMap, Class<T> classz) {
		System.out.println(url);
		try {
			String result = HttpUtil.post(url, paramMap);
			System.out.println(result);
			T sdkReturn = JSONObject.parseObject(result, classz);
			return sdkReturn;
		} catch (Exception e) {
			T sdkReturn = null;
			try {
				sdkReturn = classz.newInstance();
				sdkReturn.setCode("-1");
				sdkReturn.setMsg(e.getMessage());
			} catch (Exception ex) {
				ex.printStackTrace();
			}
			return sdkReturn;
		}
	}
	
	/**
	 * 获取 map 集合
	 * @param url
	 * @param paramMap
	 * @return
	 */
	private SdkReturnMapList getMapList(String url, Map<String, Object> paramMap) {
		return getMapList(url, paramMap, SdkReturnMapList.class);
	}
	
	/**
	 * 获取 map 集合
	 * @param url
	 * @param paramMap
	 * @param classz
	 * @return
	 */
	private <T extends SdkReturn<SdkMapList>> T getMapList(String url, Map<String, Object> paramMap, Class<T> classz) {
		System.out.println(url);
		try {
			String result = HttpUtil.post(url, paramMap);
			System.out.println(result);
			T sdkReturn = JSONObject.parseObject(result, classz);
			return sdkReturn;
		} catch (Exception e) {
			T sdkReturn = null;
			try {
				sdkReturn = classz.newInstance();
				sdkReturn.setCode("-1");
				sdkReturn.setMsg(e.getMessage());
			} catch (Exception ex) {
				ex.printStackTrace();
			}
			return sdkReturn;
		}
	}
}

service 层更新token

  • VideoAppInfoService
    • 这里的代码主要用于更新设备的过期时间以及accessToken刷新,在直播播放之前需要先更新一下设备信息等等。
@Service("videoAppInfo")
public class VideoAppInfoServiceImpl extends com.sunrise.common.BaseServiceImpl<VideoAppInfo> implements VideoAppInfoService {
    
    @Autowired
    private VideoAppInfoMapper videoAppInfoMapper;
    
    public VideoAppInfoServiceImpl() {
    
    }
    
    @Override
    public com.sunrise.common.BaseMapper<VideoAppInfo> getMapper() {
        return this.videoAppInfoMapper;
    }
    
    @Override
    public Return<VideoAppInfo> updateVideoAppInfoToken(Long appId) {
    	//查询视频监控应用信息
    	VideoAppInfo videoAppInfo = this.selectByPrimaryKey(appId);
    	if(videoAppInfo == null) {
    		return new Return<>(false, "获取视频监控app信息失败!");
    	}
    	//accessToken刷新
    	SdkClient sdkClient = new SdkClient();
    	sdkClient.setAppKey(videoAppInfo.getAppKey());
    	sdkClient.setAppSecret(videoAppInfo.getAppSecret());
    	sdkClient.setAccessToken(videoAppInfo.getAccessToken());
    	sdkClient.setTokenExpire(videoAppInfo.getTokenExpire());
    	SdkToken sdkToken = sdkClient.getToken();

		SimpleDateFormat dateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");
		Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
		//设置过期时间为当前时间+7天
		calendar.add(Calendar.DATE,7);
		String format = dateFormat.format(calendar.getTime());
		//更新过期时间
		videoAppInfo.setAccessToken(sdkToken.getAccessToken());
		videoAppInfo.setTokenExpire(calendar.getTime());
		videoAppInfo.setRemark(sdkToken.getMsg());
		this.updateSelective(videoAppInfo);

		if(!sdkToken.isSuccess()) {
    		videoAppInfo.setRemark(sdkToken.getMsg());
    		this.updateSelective(videoAppInfo);
    		return new Return<>(false, sdkToken.getMsg());
    	}
    	//如果accessToken一致,则数据不变
    	if(videoAppInfo.getAccessToken() != null && videoAppInfo.getAccessToken().equalsIgnoreCase(sdkToken.getAccessToken())) {
    		return new Return<VideoAppInfo>(true, "accessToken 无变化").setData(videoAppInfo);
    	}
    	//更新 accessToken
    	videoAppInfo.setAccessToken(sdkToken.getAccessToken());
		videoAppInfo.setTokenExpire(new Date(sdkToken.getExpireTime()));
    	videoAppInfo.setRemark(sdkToken.getMsg());
    	this.updateSelective(videoAppInfo);
    	//返回结果
    	return new Return<VideoAppInfo>(true, "已更新 accessToken").setData(videoAppInfo);
    }
}

Controller层:返回播放地址给前端

 /**
     * 跳转水质视频监控页面
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/toAppVideoList")
    public String toAppVideoList(HttpServletRequest request,Long id){
         //更新视频应用信息
        Long appId = videoDeviceInfo != null ? videoDeviceInfo.getAppId() : 1L;
        Return<VideoAppInfo> retApp = videoAppInfoService.updateVideoAppInfoToken(appId);
        request.setAttribute("accessToken", retApp.isSuccess() ? retApp.getData().getAccessToken() : null);
        //通过主键查询视频设备信息
       VideoDeviceInfo videoDeviceInfo = this.videoDeviceInfoService.selectByPrimaryKey(id);
        //传到前端
        request.setAttribute("videoDevice",deviceInfos);
        return "szapp/appWaterVideoList";
    }

前端播放

添加前端播放插件:

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8" %>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <!doctype html>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="${staticPath }/css/screen/swiper.min.css"/>
</head>
<body>
<div>
    //初始化一个视频播放框
   <div class="media-box">
                        <div class="media" id="player" style="width: 100%;height:40%;">
                        </div>
                    </div>
</div>
<script src="${staticPath }/js/lib/jquery/jquery-3.3.1.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="${staticPath}/js/sewise-player/sewise.player.min.js"></script>
<script>
    //进页面时加载
    $(function () {
        hospital04();
    });
    function hospital04() {

        var title = "${videoDeviceInfo3.videoName != null ? videoDeviceInfo3.videoName : videoDeviceInfo3.deviceName}";
        var videoUrl = "${videoDeviceInfo3.videoUrl}";
        var poster = '${staticPath}/images/index/bg.jpg';
        if (videoUrl.indexOf('rtmp://') == 0) {
            SewisePlayer.setup({
                server: "live",
                type: "rtmp",
                autostart: "true",
                streamurl: videoUrl,
                skin: "",
                title: title,
                claritybutton: "disable",//[可选]是否显示多码率按钮 "enable"、"disable",缺省默认值为:"enable"
                timedisplay: "disable",//[可选]是否显示播放控制栏上的时间 "enable"、"disable",缺省默认值为:"enable"
                controlbardisplay: "disable",//[可选]是否显示播放控制栏 "enable"、"disable",缺省默认值为:"enable"
                topbardisplay: "disable",//[可选]是否显示顶部标题 "enable"、"disable",缺省默认值为:"enable"
                draggable: false,
                buffer: 0,
                primary: "html5",
                lang: "zh_CN",
                poster: poster,//[可选]视频播放前显示的图像
                logo: " ",//[可选]播放器角落logo
            }, "player");
        } else if (videoUrl.indexOf('.m3u8') > -1) {
            SewisePlayer.setup({
                server: "vod",
                type: "m3u8",
                autostart: "true",
                videourl: videoUrl,
                skin: "vodFlowPlayer",
                title: "",
                claritybutton: "disable",
                lang: "zh_CN",
                logo: "",
            }, "player");
        } else if (videoUrl.indexOf('.flv') > -1) {
            SewisePlayer.setup({
                server: "vod",
                type: "flv",
                autostart: "true",
                videourl: videoUrl,
                skin: "vodWhite",
                title: "",
                claritybutton: "disable",
                lang: "zh_CN",
                logo: "",
            }, "player");
        }
    }

</script>
</body>

</html>

效果

这样一个视频直播就做好了 效果图

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